Speak softly & carry a big stick pt 1 (2024)


Scalia vs. the aclu.
A brilliant, entertaining and informative vid clip that should be required viewing in all civics classrooms.


What did the American people adopt in 1791, but rather we're trying to figure out what does actual law require? Well then, of course, we ought to look to what intelligent judges in other countries who think they're doing the same job and by the way they do think they're doing the same job I mean around the world.

There seems to be a notion that that's what judges do when you put on a black robe, you become somehow an expert on morality and natural law, even though I never learned much of either one at Harvard Law School.

If you take that position of course, if you take my position, it's obvious that that what what a French Court or a ganden Court thinks today should be.

The law has nothing whatever to do with what the American people voted for when they ratified the Constitution ratified the Bill of Rights.

The Constitution refers explicitly to the law of nations, the term men for international law being part of the law of this country.

It was a reference to public international law, not the rights of individuals, but the rights of states against states.

That's what the law of nations meant at that time? Well, you're a great fan supporter of referring to history, to try to give meaning to some of the broad clauses in the Constitution I, see that it's completely analogous to looking at what we can learn, not as binding but as informative and persuasive.

When we see how other judges have struggled with similar languages, similar language in their own constitutions, but they're not struggling with similar language adopted by similar people.

It may well be that when the French adopted such language or when the Germans adopted it after World War 2, they meant something quite different from what the American people meant, even if we had adopted it.

At the same time, we might have meant different things, because we are not France and we are not Germany.

But when you go back and say well, we made those those decisions in 1791.

It she's just totally irrelevant what what current quarts of foreign countries think, unless you think judges are to be moral arbiters of the world which you don't want us to be that you know I, don't I! Don't want to be that.

That's you know, it sounds like fun, but this is a corollary question.

Perhaps its it asks you Justice Scalia.

Are you truly surprised that other developed nations recoil at the use of the death penalty in the US? What what nations are you talking about? You know public opinion polls in both England and France and at least until very recently show that if they had as a response of a democracy as we do, they would still have the death penalty.

The death penalty was prohibited in the German constitution, largely because they were worried that ex Nazis would receive the death penalty, and that was introduced at the pressure from the German right.

I I find it so hypocritical, not not that the Europeans don't have the death penalty.


If they don't wake low, it was its abolition was imposed by the Court of Human Rights, which said you cannot have the death penalty.

So it's not as though all the Europeans voted to abolish it.

It was judicially imposed that doesn't impress me very much.

The Eighth Amendment, which prohibits cruel and unusual punishment, I think it's another great example of what we can infer was a deliberately open-ended cloth.

The framers could have specified particular punch that were unconstitutional.

Instead, they chose this open, textured language and, as the Supreme Court said many years ago, in blue in earlier in the 20th century, that that calls on its face for interpretation and light of evolving standards of decency in civilized society, expressly referring not only to America but other civilized societies.

To believe that about the eighth amendment as well as about the rest of the Bill of Rights, you have to believe this that what the framers of the Bill of Rights said was.

You know we think certain things are cruel and unusual thumbscrews, for example, don't like cup thumps Cruz, but we want to adopt this clause for the future.

You know if you think, pump sleaze we're.

Okay, that's fine! This Court this! This provision is meant to evolve.

All the Eighth Amendment really really means is to thine own self.

Be true! Don't do anything that you think is cool and unusual.

That's not what they meant.

They meant to establish a standard, they were worried.

The whole purpose of the entire Bill of Rights was was to guard against future generations that they feared might not be as virtuous or as wise as they were.

They were not poly, honest people and and and if you think that the evolution always will every day in every way we get better and better.

We don't always get better and better.

Sometimes we get worse, and the purpose of the Bill of Rights was to prevent that ultimate thinking that we cannot certainly recant retrench to the 18th century.

But hopefully we are evolving toward more and more freedom and equality for more people, and that is exactly what the trajectory of this country is when you think of where we, where is my own way, Street Nadine, where, where does it say? The only way the Constitution the Bill of Rights can evolve, is in the direction of more freedom? It doesn't say that anywhere and you will find that it has evolved in both directions.

Process of law, equal protection of laws is not a ratification for cutting back on fundamental rights.

Coming back on equality, if it if it is to mean whatever the current society wants it to mean, sometimes it'll give you more liberties.

Sometimes it will take away liberties, another area where I'm sure I came out.

The way your members would like was with respect to the confrontation clause of the Bill of Rights, which a Supreme Court that believed in an evolving constitution had essentially gutted the confrontation Clause guarantees to all criminal defendants, the right to be confronted with the witnesses against them, which means the witness has to appear in open court and make his accusation in open court and be cross-examined the court had said.

All that really means is that any hearsay evidence that is evidence that isn't personally brought before the court.

But somebody comes in and said: oh he told me so any hearsay evidence must bear indicia of reliability.

Well, that's not what the confrontation Clause said and I'm happy to say.

Well, two years, two terms ago, we went back to to the original meaning which had been gutted 20 years earlier.

We overrule that earlier case and said no.

The confrontation Clause means what it says.

You have the right to be confronted with the witnesses against you, so there.

What my point is you know if you fall in love with an evolving Constitution, do not think that it's going to involve an evolve in just one direction.

It's going to involve evolve in both directions.

Well, certainly, the Supreme Court has made mistakes there I say throughout history, but the concept is one of morphing in favor of the general principles of equal justice under law.

When we go back to the founding of this country, to the Declaration of Independence to the original Constitution and Bill of Rights, we have those aspirations, but we were so far from achieving them in reality need I mentioned they, groups that were completely excluded from actual protection, racial minorities and women and all kinds of sexual orientation, minorities, ethnic minorities.

We have seen a history where sometimes it's two steps forward and one step back.

Sometimes it's the other way, but the general pattern has been one of more and more freedom for more and more individuals and groups in this society and what I found so thrilling about the language in Justice, Kennedy's opinion and I.

Don't think of Justice Kennedy as a radical civil libertarian.

I doubt that he's a member of the ACLU I haven't checked our files, and that was the case of course, that extended equal rights to sexual orientation, minorities, lesbian and gay men and he ended.

Speak softly & carry a big stick pt 1 (2024)


What was the main reason that President Theodore Roosevelt used the big stick policy? ›

The Big Stick policy was issued because of the Venezuela Crisis of 1902. Multiple European powers were attempting to collect on debts owed by various Venezuelan parties, and President Theodore Roosevelt feared that this would lead to more direct European intervention in the Americas.

What does carry a big stick mean? ›

to have a lot of power, and therefore be able to get what you want. The company carries a big stick. Over the past 107 years it has built itself up into the biggest brand in the world and now controls 44 per cent of the global market. Easy Learning Idioms Dictionary.

What was the big stick policy quizlet? ›

A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically. Diplomatic policy developed by Roosevelt where the "big stick" symbolizes his power and readiness to use military force if necessary.

What is the big stick in the Caribbean Sea? ›

President Theodore Roosevelt's assertive approach to Latin America and the Caribbean has often been characterized as the “Big Stick,” and his policy came to be known as the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine.

What was the main goal of Roosevelt's big stick diplomacy quizlet? ›

Theodore Rosevelt's Big Stick Diplomacy was to increase US intvestments in businesses. And to tell other countries that we have a strong military "big stick" so we can speak softly which means we don't need to effort much then we can get what the US wants.

What was Roosevelt's big stick foreign policy quizlet? ›

The policy held by Teddy Roosevelt in foreign affairs. The "big stick" symbolizes his power and readiness to use military force if necessary. It is a way of intimidating countries without actually harming them.

What does it mean to speak softly? ›

: having a gentle, quiet voice or manner.

What was Theodore Roosevelt's famous quote? ›

The famous Theodore Roosevelt quote about striving valiantly and daring greatly. “It is not the critic who counts: not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles or where the doer of deeds could have done better.

What does it mean when someone speaks softly? ›

Someone who is soft-spoken has a quiet, gentle voice.

What was the big stick vs dollar vs moral? ›

The Big Stick Diplomacy's main way to achieve its goals was by military force. The Dollar Diplomacy used American businesses and money to imperialize. The Moral Diplomacy wanted to build relationships with Latin America, and did not want anything to do with taking land by conquest.

What are 3 examples of big stick policy quizlet? ›

Theodore Roosevelt's imperialist policy promoting the US as a world power. i.e.: treaty that ended the Russo-Japanese War; Open Door Policy with China; Panama Canal; world tour of the Great White Fleet; all of which gave rise to world-power status.

How did Roosevelt's foreign policy speak softly and carry a big stick quizlet? ›

How did Teddy Roosevelt's approach to foreign policy reflect the proverb "speak softly and carry a big stick?" He believed in being patient but would use strong force if necessary, and his Big Stick Policy emphasized diplomacy (negotiation) backed by force.

When was the big stick in the Caribbean Sea cartoon? ›

DescriptionTheodore Roosevelt and his Big Stick in the Caribbean
AuthorWilliam Allen Rogers (1854–1931)

What is the brown stuff in the Caribbean Sea? ›

The brown algae Sargassum is abundant in the ocean. Upon close inspection, it is easy to see the many leafy appendages, branches, and round, berry-like structures that make up the plant. These “berries” are actually gas-filled structures, called pneumatocysts, which are filled mostly with oxygen.

Does the Caribbean have big waves? ›

Bathsheba Beach on the northeast coast of Barbados has a reputation for producing world-class waves. It has been praised by several famous surfers who have been fortunate enough to surf here. This area has the potential to form big, steep, and tubing waves - a surfer's dream.

What did big stick diplomacy rely on quizlet? ›

4. What did big stick diplomacy rely on? US made a show of force to the rest of the world, other nations might be more hesitant to challenge the American military. As a corollary to this, he also understood that the threat of force rather than force itself was often sufficient to deter military conflict.

What was the Big Stick Policy of Roosevelt Corollary about? ›

The corollary stated that not only were the nations of the Western Hemisphere not open to colonization by European powers, but that the United States had the responsibility to preserve order and protect life and property in those countries.

What does the big stick cartoon mean quizlet? ›

The World's Constable cartoon. Roosevelt's foreign policy was... " Carry a Big Stick and Walk Softly" Meaning they would try to stay out of other countries affairs, but the roosevelt corollary mentioned that if any eastern country messed with the affaris of the west, than the USA would intervene.

What type of diplomacy replaced Roosevelt's big stick with money? ›

He replaced dollar diplomacy with ''moral diplomacy,'' in which political and economic favors were given to countries whose beliefs and actions were in agreement with the goals of the United States.

What role did Roosevelt's Big Stick Policy play in the building of the Panama Canal quizlet? ›

How did the Big Stick policy play out in the creation of the Panama Canal? Roosevelt used his Big Stick Policy to protect Panama in their revolution against Columbia by blocking off areas Columbia could attack with naval fleets which veered the Columbian army away from those areas.

What did Roosevelt think about foreign policy? ›

Roosevelt argued that if a country could not protect its own interests, the international community could not help very much. He ridiculed disarmament proposals that were increasingly common. He saw no likelihood of an international power capable of checking wrongdoing on a major scale.

Why should we speak softly? ›

Speaking softly goes beyond stress reduction and improved communications. It enables you to build a much stronger core for the entire business / operation. Speaking softly has additional benefits: – Makes it easier to confirm facts instead of based on authority and loudness.

Where did speak softly come from? ›

On September 2, 1901, United States Vice President Theodore Roosevelt outlined his ideal foreign policy in a speech at the Minnesota State Fair in Falcon Heights, Minnesota: “Speak softly, and carry a big stick.” Two weeks later, Roosevelt became president and “Big Stick diplomacy” defined his leadership.

How do you speak softly and clearly? ›

How to Speak Clearly
  1. Be relaxed and confident using relaxation exercises. You'll find them in the voice spa course.
  2. Use abdominal breathing for speech.
  3. Speak with pauses instead of filler words.
  4. Be concise.
  5. Use warmth & kindness. ...
  6. Use a varied intonation pattern.
  7. Use a full resonant voice.
Jul 21, 2022

What was one of Teddy Roosevelt's favorite sayings? ›

Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt Quotes. “Do what you can, with what you have, where you are.” “Believe you can and you're halfway there.” “It is hard to fail, but it is worse never to have tried to succeed.”

What was Teddy Roosevelt's leadership quote? ›

Theodore Roosevelt Quotes

"Whenever you are asked if you can do a job, tell 'em, "Certainly, I can!" Then get busy and find out how to do it." "In any moment of decision, the best thing you can do is the right thing. The worst thing you can do is nothing."

What does it mean to speak softly but carry a big stick? ›

The idea is negotiating peacefully but also having strength in case things go wrong. Simultaneously threatening with the "big stick", or the military, ties in heavily with the idea of Realpolitik, which implies a pursuit of political power that resembles Machiavellian ideals.

What do you call someone who speaks softly? ›

synonyms for soft-spoken

Most relevant. gentle. reserved. close-mouthed. hushed.

What do you call a person who speaks very less? ›

A person who is quiet and does not often talk very much can be described as taciturn. Taciturn implies that a person does not talk because they are thought to be unfriendly. Her father was a shy, taciturn man.

What were the failures of the dollar diplomacy? ›

In spite of successes, "dollar diplomacy" failed to counteract economic instability and the tide of revolution in places like Mexico, the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, and China. The US Government felt obligated, through dollar diplomacy, to uphold economic and political stability.

What is an example of moral diplomacy? ›

President Wilson instituted moral diplomacy in the hopes of forcing countries to become democratic and take on values more aligned with those in the U.S. A couple of examples include the U.S.'s relations with Mexico and China.

What was the Big Stick Policy in Mexico? ›

These interventions laid the foundation for the Big Stick Policy, which President Theodore Roosevelt articulated in the early 1900s. The policy stated that the US would intervene in the affairs of Latin American countries to protect American economic interests and maintain stability in the region.

What were the cons of the big stick policy? ›

Answer and Explanation: It resulted in an unequal power dynamic between Latin America and the United States and the attendant ill will. Due to greed, it may be able to annihilate the international competition. For the United States, it resulted in little to no profit.

How do you use big stick policy in a sentence? ›

Persistently the effort has been made to insist that those who advocate keeping our country able to defend its rights are merely adopting 'the policy of the big stick.

What is an example of dollar diplomacy? ›

Dollar Diplomacy sought to bolster the struggling economies of Latin American and East Asian countries while also expanding U.S. commercial interests in those regions. U.S. interference in Nicaragua, China, and Mexico in order to protect American interests are examples of dollar diplomacy in action.

What president is known for speaking softly and carrying a big stick? ›

While President McKinley ushered in the era of the American empire through military strength and economic coercion, his successor, Theodore Roosevelt, established a new foreign policy approach, allegedly based on a favorite African proverb, “speak softly, and carry a big stick, and you will go far” (Figure).

Was the Roosevelt Corollary good or bad? ›

In many ways, yes, the Roosevelt Corollary was successful. The Roosevelt Corollary was a defining part of President Theodore Roosevelt's foreign policy. The corollary proclaimed that the United States would intervene in the affairs of Latin America to prevent European influence there and to assure stability and order.

What is the open door policy and why did it favor the US quizlet? ›

The Open Door policy prevented any one nation from monopolizing trade with China, allowing free trade in all of the zones of control.

What ship is called the big stick? ›

"The Big Stick" – USS Theodore Roosevelt; based on Theodore Roosevelt's quotation, "Speak softly and carry a big stick".

What is the intention of the cartoon? ›

caricature and cartoon, in graphic art, comically distorted drawing or likeness, done with the purpose of satirizing or ridiculing its subject.

Why was piracy big in the caribbean during this time? ›

Piracy flourished in the Caribbean because of the existence of pirate seaports such as Port Royal in Jamaica, Tortuga in Haiti, and Nassau in the Bahamas.

Why does Caribbean water look blue? ›

This MODIS image of blue water in the Caribbean Sea looks blue because the sunlight is scattered by the water molecules. Near the Bahama Islands, the lighter aqua colors are shallow water where the sunlight is reflecting off of the sand and reefs near the surface.

What is the yellow stuff floating in the Atlantic Ocean? ›

Known as the great Atlantic Sargassum belt, the seaweed clusters collectively weigh about 13 million tons, according to most recent calculations — and are large enough to be seen from space.

What is the orange stuff floating in the ocean? ›

Sargassum is a genus of brown (class Phaeophyceae) macroalgae (seaweed) in the order Fucales.

What is the most powerful Caribbean island? ›

What are the three strongest countries of the Caribbean? As per the Global Mobility Index, St Kitts and Nevis, Antigua and Barbuda, and Grenada are the top three strongest countries in the Caribbean based on visa-free access to countries worldwide.

Why is Caribbean sea so deep? ›

The Caribbean's depth in its wider basins and deep-water temperatures are similar to those of the Atlantic. Atlantic deep water is thought to spill into the Caribbean and contribute to the general deep water of its sea.

Can a tsunami hit the Caribbean? ›

The historical record suggests that potentially destructive tsunamis occur at an average rate of 1-2 per century in the Caribbean. The hazard is not the same throughout the islands. The north-eastern Caribbean region near Puerto Rico and Hispaniola is more susceptible to tsunamis.

What was the big stick policy of Roosevelt Corollary about? ›

The corollary stated that not only were the nations of the Western Hemisphere not open to colonization by European powers, but that the United States had the responsibility to preserve order and protect life and property in those countries.

What were the main achievements of President Theodore Roosevelt's foreign policy? ›

In foreign policy, he focused on Central America where he began construction of the Panama Canal. He modernized the U.S. Army and expanded the Navy. He sent the Great White Fleet on a world tour to project American naval power.

What were Theodore Roosevelt's policies? ›

His "Square Deal" included regulation of railroad rates and pure foods and drugs; he saw it as a fair deal for both the average citizen and the businessmen. Sympathetic to both business and labor, Roosevelt avoided labor strikes, most notably negotiating a settlement to the great Coal Strike of 1902.

What was the purpose of the Roosevelt Corollary quizlet? ›

What was the Roosevelt Corollary? The Roosevelt Corollary was a speech in which Roosevelt stated that European intervention in the Western Hemisphere was over. It let Latin American countries know that the U.S. would intervene to maintain peace and stability in the region.

What does speak softly and carry a big stick mean quizlet? ›

"speak softly and carry a big stick" Quote: -Roosevelt. -means negotiating peacefully while showing off your military power to intimidate.

What was the big stick vs dollar vs moral diplomacy? ›

The Big Stick Diplomacy's main way to achieve its goals was by military force. The Dollar Diplomacy used American businesses and money to imperialize. The Moral Diplomacy wanted to build relationships with Latin America, and did not want anything to do with taking land by conquest.

How did President Theodore Roosevelt's big stick policy differ from dollar diplomacy? ›

Answer and Explanation: Big stick diplomacy was similar to dollar diplomacy in that both advocated for minimization of the use of military power to conquer Latin America. The big stick advocated for soft-spoken mediation, while the dollar diplomacy proposed using economic power.

Which action demonstrates how President Theodore Roosevelt could speak softly instead of using a big stick? ›

Which action demonstrates how President Theodore Roosevelt could "speak softly" instead of "using a big stick"? He negotiated treaties and agreements.

What were two of Theodore Roosevelt's major successes in protecting consumers? ›

Roosevelt responded by pushing for the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906. Both pieces of legislation endeared him to the public and to those corporations that favored government regulation as a means of achieving national consumer standards.

What were the four freedoms that Roosevelt supported? ›

His "four essential human freedoms" included some phrases already familiar to Americans from the Bill of Rights, as well as some new phrases: freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want, and freedom from fear.

Who was the most progressive president and why? ›

Woodrow Wilson, a leader of the Progressive Movement, was the 28th President of the United States (1913-1921). After a policy of neutrality at the outbreak of World War I, Wilson led America into war in order to “make the world safe for democracy.”

How did Theodore Roosevelt affect the progressive movement? ›

Although not always successful in achieving his goals, Roosevelt brought to the federal government other progressive causes during his presidency, including support for workers' rights to organize, eight-hour workdays for federal employees, workers' compensation, and an income and inheritance tax on wealthy Americans.

How did Roosevelt justify the Roosevelt Corollary? ›

Roosevelt stated that in keeping with the Monroe Doctrine, the United States was justified in exercising "international police power" to put an end to chronic unrest or wrongdoing in the Western Hemisphere.

What was one reason President Roosevelt worked to build a canal in Panama? ›

Americans knew they needed this to move ships from east to west quickly. If they did that, they would control power because they would control the oceans. The Canal was a geopolitical strategy to make the United States the most powerful nation on earth.


Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Edwin Metz

Last Updated:

Views: 6195

Rating: 4.8 / 5 (78 voted)

Reviews: 85% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Edwin Metz

Birthday: 1997-04-16

Address: 51593 Leanne Light, Kuphalmouth, DE 50012-5183

Phone: +639107620957

Job: Corporate Banking Technician

Hobby: Reading, scrapbook, role-playing games, Fishing, Fishing, Scuba diving, Beekeeping

Introduction: My name is Edwin Metz, I am a fair, energetic, helpful, brave, outstanding, nice, helpful person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.